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OSC Glossary

Terms

Acronym Category Description
Haircut Markets  

A haircut is a supervisory adjustment to the value of assets.

(Source: Allen & Overy Briefing Papers Glossary)

HFT Markets

High Frequency Trading is a broader term for various trading strategies that involve buying and selling financial products at extremely high speeds. Computers can identify market patterns and buy or sell these products in a   matter of milliseconds based on algorithms or "algos." 
  
One strategy is to serve as a market maker where the HFT firm provides products on both the buy and sell sides. By purchasing at the bid price and selling at the ask price,   high-frequency traders can make profits of a penny or less per share. This translates to big profits when multiplied over millions of shares.

(Source: Investopedia)